Here we are going to discuss how long it takes to charge an electric car or vehicle. We cover all the points that are important to determine the time required to fully charge an electric vehicle.
What are Electric Vehicles?
Electric Vehicles are vehicles that are partly or fully powered by electricity. Moreover, electric cars have low costs along with maintenance and they are environmentally friendly.
The EV vehicles run on electric thus the cost of fuel for electric charging is way lower compared to the gas-powered vehicles.
In the United States, its one of the leading trends to own electric vehicles because of the low cost of fuelling and maintenance.
But you need to know more about it such as how much it cost to charge an electric car and how long it takes to charge it.
Well in this guide we are going to explain to you how much you need to charge your electric vehicles at home or at the public electric charging station.
How Long Does It Take To Fully Charge an EV Vehicle?
Figuring the correct time an electric vehicle takes to get fully charged is a troublesome task. Because there are multiple factors that determine the time taken by the electric vehicles for charging.
Technically the recharge time totally depends on the location and place the recharge time for the EV vehicles depends on the host and variables and even the length of the charging can make the difference.
It’s impossible to provide a flat time but we are sharing with you some reliable guidelines.
Electric Vehicle Charging Factors
There are two most important factors on which the EV car charging depends. These two primary factors are Power Source and Vehicle Charger Capacity.
In this short guide, we are going to explain to you how these factors helps us to determine the time taken by the electric vehicle to get a full charge in different location and places.
What is Power Source and why its Important for Electric Vehicles?
So let’s discuss the power source well you may not know that all the electrical outlets are not the same. The most common 120-volt outlet. As a squirt cannon is to a garden hose, a 15-amp kitchen socket is to a 240-volt outlet that powers an electric dryer.
Conceptually, all EV vehicles can easily charge their batteries off the standard kitchen outlet. But just imagine you’re trying to fill the 50-gallon barrel with the squirt gun.
This simply explains its total waste of time so recharging the Electric Car battery with a 120-volt power source (that comes in Level 1 according to SAE J1772) can take an entire day to fully charge your EV vehicle.
So if you’re own or going to purchase an Electric Vehicle make sure you consider Level 2 – 240 volts min. charging solution must install in your home. The Level 2 power connection is technically 240 volts and 40 amps while some lesser amps are also considered in the Level 2 connection.
The Level 2 circuit will increase the electric vehicle onboard charger. If you don’t consider increasing the effectiveness of the vehicle’s onboard chargers, then Consequently, a lower-than-optimal power supply acts as a restrictor plate, lengthening the charge time.
In case you want the fastest charging then you needed to plug into the DC fast charger. This will be like filing the 50-gallon barrel with a firehouse. A deadly current of DC electricity is fed into the car’s battery, adding miles of range in a matter of minutes.
There are some superchargers with high-end electricity charging capacity such as Tesla V3 SuperCharger that pumps out 250kW per hour and the second is America’s automotive defibrillators that pump out up to 350kW per hour.
Because when the state-of-charge (SoC) of the car battery is higher or lower, the flow is reduced. And the ability of automobiles to accept DC charging varies greatly.
When the EV’s battery SoC is under 20 percent or above the 80 percent the DG fast charger charging rate will automatically get slow this will optimize the battery life and limited the risk of overcharging the battery.
That is why the experts and manufacturers always recommend that fast charging will be up to 80 percent within a half-hour. The 20 percent remaining will double the time you’re hooked up to the fast charger.
To save your time make sure to consider the DC Fast Chargers that make best utilized for the days when you think of anxiety about exceeding the range of your car.
Whenever you’re travelling from one location to another you need to charge your EV batteries to reach the destination. So it’s best to charge EVs at home at night which is a better solution.
What is Charger Capacity and Why it’s An Important Factor in EV Charging?
Most people think the common misconception that the thing you plug into an electric vehicle is the charger. Well for the fact that not the original charger there is an actual battery charger in the car that switch the AC electricity from the wall into DC to fastly fill the battery.
On the other hand, the onboard chargers trickle electric energy into the battery pack safely and have their own power energy ratings, Usually expressed in kilowatts.
An electric automobile with a 10-kW charger and a 100-kWh battery pack could theoretically charge a fully drained battery in 10 hours.
To gauge the optimal charge time for certain electric cars or vehicles so you’ve to divide the battery capacity kWh number by the charger power numbers now you’ve also added 10 percent to the losses relevant to the charging. This process will automatically increase the charger capacity.
In the market, the onboard chargers are available for 6.0 kilowatts however there are fewer manufacturers that offer twice the charging capacity.
The current electric vehicle of Tesla Model 3 specifications has 11.5 kW charger that can easily able to take full benefits of 240 volts, 50 amp circuit to recharging 80.5 kWh battery. Tesla Model 3 Standard Plus is compatible with a 7.6 kW charger.
In terms of calculation, the recharge time can be assumed as it can take about a similar time to fill two vehicles’ batteries although when it comes to the performance model’s is five percent larger.
The well assumable electricity source and onboard charger are that you can plug in into your Electric Vehicle at home and get fulled charged battery till morning.
To get more information regarding the recharge times explained by the Electric Vehicles manufactures official website. For example, you can take the Mine Copper Electric in multiple different ways.
The Mini manufacturer claims a 36-minute recharge to the 80 percent at the Level 3 DC Fast charging station with almost up to 50 kW.
The 20 percent per hour at home or the public electric Level 2 charging stations with up to 7.4 kW along with 15 to 25 miles per hour with Level 2 station.
However, there is no information that explains what is SoC of the battery is and when the charging starts.
Hopefully, you find this short guide helpful to better understand what is the main factors on which electric vehicle charging depends.
So you can easily able to calculate the total time taken by an electric vehicle to fully charged. In case you have any queries regarding this guide feel free to share your opinions via the comment box.