Here we are going to discuss how long does it take to charge an electric car or vehicle. We cover all the points that important to determine the time required to fully charge a electric vehicle.
What is Electric Vehicles?
The Electric Vehicles are the vehicles that are partly or fully powered by the electricity. Moreover the electric cars have low cost along with mantains and they are environmentally friendly. The EV vehicles runs on electric thus the cost of fuel of electric charging is way to lower compare to the gas-powered vehicles.
In United States, its one of the leading trends to own a electric vehicles because of the low cost of fuelling and maintains. But you need to know more about it such how much it cost to charge a electric car and how long does it take to charge it.
Well in this guide we are going to explain you how much do you need to charge your electric vehicles on home or the public electric charging station.
How Long Does It Take To Fully Charge a EV Vehicle?
Figuring the correct time an electric vehicle take to get fully charged is an troublesome task. Because there are multiple factors that determine the time taken by the electric vehicles for charging. Technically the recharge time is totally depends on the location and place the recharge time for the EV vehicles depends on the host and variables and even the length of the charging can make the difference. Its impossible to provide the flat time but we are share with you some reiables guideliness.
Electric Vehicle Charging Factors
There are two most important factors on which the EV car charging depends. These two primary factors are Power Source and Vehicle Charger Capcity. In this short guide we are going to explain you how these factor help us to determine the time taken by the electric vehicle to get full charge on different location and places.
What is Power Source and why its Important for Electric Vehicles?
So lets discuss on the power source well you may not know that all the electrical outlets are not same. The most common 120 volt outlet. As a squirt cannon is to a garden hose, a 15-amp kitchen socket is to a 240-volt outlet that powers an electric dryer.
Conceptually, all the EV’s vehicles can easily charge thier batteries off the standard kitchen outlet. But just imagine you’re trying to fill the 50 gallon barrel with the squirt gun. This simply explain its total waste of time so recharging the Electric Car battry with 120 volt power source (that comes in Level 1 according to SAE J1772) can take an entire day to full charge your EV vehicle.
So if you’re own or going to purchase a Electric Vehicle make sure you consider Level 2 – 240 volts min. charging solution must installed into your home. The Level 2 power connection is techinically 240 volts and 40 amps while some lesser amps also considerd in Level 2 connection.
The Level 2 circuit will increase the electric vehicle onboard charger. If you don’t consider to increase the effectiveness of the vehicle’s onboard chargers, then Consequently, a lower-than-optimal power supply acts as a restrictor plate, lengthening the charge time.
In case if you want fastest charging then you needed to plug in to the DC fast charger. This will like filing the 50 gallon barrel with a fire house. A deadly current of DC electricity is fed into the car’s battery, adding miles of range in a matter of minutes.
These are some super chargers with high-end electricity charging capcity such as Tesla V3 SuperCharger that pump out 250kW per hour and second is America’s automotive defibrillators that pump out up to 350kW per hour. Because when state-of-charge (SoC) of the car battery is higher or lower, the flow is reduced. And the ability of automobiles to accept DC charging varies greatly.
When the EV’s battery SoC is under 20 percent or above the 80 percent the DG fast charger charging rate will automatically get slow this will optimize the battery life and limited the risk of overcharging the battery. That why the experts and manufatures always recommaneds the fast charging will be up to 80 percent within half hour. The 20 percent remaining will double the time you’re hooked up to the fast charger.
To save your time make sure to consider the DC Fast Chargers that makes the best utlized for the days when you think to anxiety about exceeding the range of your car. While whenever you’re travelling form one location to another you need to charger your EV batteries to reach out the destination. So its best to charge EV’s on home in night which is better soultion.
What is Charger Capcity and Why its An Important Factor in EV Charging?
Most of the people think the common misconception that the thing you plug into an electric vehicle is the charger. Well for the fact that not the orginal charger there is an actually battery charger in the car that switch the AC electricity from wall into DC to fastly fill the battery.
On the other hand the onboard chargers trikle electric engery into the battery pack safely and have their own power engery ratings, Usually expressed in kilowatts. A electric automobile with a 10-kW charger and a 100-kWh battery pack could theoretically charge a fully drained battery in 10 hours.
To gauge the optimal charge time for certain electric car or vehicle so you’ve to divide the battery capacity kWh number by the charger power numbers now you’ve also add 10 percent to the losses relevant to the charging. This process will automatically increase the the charger capcity.
In market the on-board chargers availables for 6.0 kilowatts however there fewer manufactures that offers twice the charging capacity. The current electric vehicle of Tesla Model 3 speficiations has 11.5 kW charger that can easily able to take full benefits of 240 volts, 50 amp circuit to recharging 80.5 kWh battery. Tesla Model 3 Standard Plus is compactiable with 7.6 kW charger.
In terms of calculation the recharge time can be assume as it can take about the similar time to fill two vehicles batteries althought when its comes to the performance model’s is fivity percent larger. The well assumable electricity source and onboard charger is that you can plug-in into your Electric Vehicle at home and get fulled chargered battery till morning.
To get more information regarding the recharge times explained by the Electric Vehicles manufatures official website. For example you can take the Mine Copper Electric for multiple different ways. The Mini manufature calims a 36 mintue recharge to the 80 percent at the Level 3 DC Fast charging station with almost up to 50 kW.
The 20 percent per hour at a home or the public electric Level 2 charging stations with up to 7.4 kW along with 15 to 25 miles per hour with Level 2 station. However their is no information that explains what is SoC the battery is and when the charging starts.
Hopefully you find this short guide helpful to better understand what is the main factors on which the electric vehicles charging depends. So you can easily able to calculte the total time taken by an electric vehicle to full charged. In case if you have any quries regarding this guide feel free to share your opinions via comment box.