Moore’s Law derived from the speech given by Gordon Moore, the founder of Intel when he observed that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles every two years. Moore’s Law is all about the availability of integrated circuits, and this trend would be likely to continue in the coming years in future.
Where we can expect the speed and capabilities of our computers will increase every two years. The cost of computers will be halved. That’s why computer engineers can create devices that are more powerful and smaller than their predecessors over time. In recent years the Law has been reformulated to gain a rate.
Understanding Moore’s Law
Gordon Moore in 1965 just postulated that the number of components packed in an integrated circuit would be doubling up every year and projected this rate growth would continue till next decade. But in 1975 he revised the doubling of installed transistors on a silicon chip that occurred at a faster pace than two years. However, Moore didn’t call his observation a law.
It was some fellow leaders in the community who referred to Moore’s observations as Law despite its lack of empirical evidence. Eventually, his prediction insights became true, which was held and became a golden rule known as Moore’s Law which has brought subsequent computer industry innovations.
Moore’s Law from predicted to Truism
In the following years, Moore’s Law observation has guided the semiconductor industry to forecast advanced planning and setting targets for research and development. It created a road map of establishing a dominant presence among the consumers in computer technology, including in artificial intelligence, consumer electronics, which have been the hallmarks of late- twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
But over the few years many computer scientists and including Moore himself predicted that law has been coming to an end. The growth on each Integrated circuit has a declining number of transistors falling much lower than the MooreiindicatedWhile during 1965-2014.
The number of transistors was doubling approximately every two years. Still, from the beginning of the year 2015, the biggest chip manufacturers who are contributing to the growth such as Samsung, Qualcomm, Intel and AMD have seen a decline in growth.
Moore’s Law in Action
We have experienced whenever if we want to purchase a new computer or phone we either say that every two-four years we say it has become slow or run out of applications or other reasons, but this is the phenomenon of Moore’s Law nearly after the prediction of the law being 50 years later we still feel the impact and benefits of the law in our lives in many ways such as contribution in significant technology socially and economically.
Benefits of Moore’s Law in innovations
Computers are becoming smaller and faster as the transistors in integrated circuits are becoming more efficient. The chips and transistors are aligned perfectly as they are microscopic structures which contain carbon and silicon molecules which move faster in microchip to process electric signals which provide efficient in computers. Because of the reduced semiconductor prices and lower labour costs, the cost of higher-powered computerizes dropping annually.
Moore’s Law has been linked to the growth of digital electronics such as smartphones and tablets which won’t work without tiny processors neither the video games, Global positioning systems, accurate weather forecasts etc. It has made computing affordable providing economic, social and other benefits.
Benefits in all sectors
With an efficient and faster computer, it has improved in sectors such as health care, transportation, education and technology, to name a few and some of the industries have progressed because of increased power in chips.
The Impending End of Moore’s Law
Moore’s Law has slowly fallen out of relevance in recent years as experts agreed that computers should reach the limitations of Moore’s Law at some point.
The high temperatures in transistors are impossible to create smaller circuits as it starts more energy to cool down a transistor that amount of energy that is already present in the transistor. In an interview Moore himself has admitted that the Materials are fundamental limitations made up of atoms is not far away as we are pushing against real limitations.
Moore’s prediction has advanced in digital electronics with a reduction in adjusted microprocessor prices and increases in the memory capacity and improved sensors even when more transistors are available on a single chip. Despite its growing concerns on privacy and security, the advantages of Cloud computing technology can help us keep our lives in a more secure, healthy and productive way.
Moore’s Second Law
Moore’s second law states that the capital cost of manufacturing integrated circuits increases over time as Moore law states the cost of computers for consumers decreases as they are fitted in an integrated circuit. In other words, in each new generation of chips, the cost of R&D testing and manufacturing will increase exponentially.
Companies are reducing their rate at advanced technology, and several transistors are likely to be lower as predicted by Moore’s Law. Moore’s second law plays a vital role in the sustainability of Moore’s Law.
Future of Moore’s Law
Creating the impossible
Companies are shifting their focus in producing non-silicon computing such as AI-based chips, quantum computing, application of specific in integrated circuits (ASIC) as predicted by Moore’s himself that his law is coming to an end with the cost of R&D increasing and companies are decreasing their rate of innovation.
The new developments in the computing industry may yield powerful efficiency gaining in the coming years.
But the chip manufacturers are more saddened to see the approaching end of Moore’s Law as the companies are provided with more tasks in building powerful chips ever made competing against the reality of physical odds.
For example, companies like Intel and its industries re-competing among themselves to create the one which is ultimately not possible, when Intel boasted itself in producing the world’s smallest and advanced transistors in a mass product called 22-nanometer (mm) processor in the year 2012.
In 2014, it even launched the smallest and robust 14mm chip, but the company is struggling in bringing the 10mm chip to the market.
The importance of Moore’s Law is that it has caused technological migration from microelectronics to nanoelectronics in creating a segment of its part in the industry called nanotechnology with its exponential growth. Thus it has resulted in optimizing technologies and nanomaterials for semiconductor manufacture.